Response to these posts

Add to these posts and reference your work (journal articles) First two in a file and the other to on another file. 150 words each reply

Post One :

There is a role of a government to make adequate preparations that would see the country make appropriate responses to emerging cases of disaster within the country. However, such efficiency primarily depends on how well the government is committed to ensuring the well-being of the citizens, as inferred by its level of goodwill. In the Haiti, 2010 earthquake, claims of corruption and inappropriate use of international funds left the country so isolated from relief that the number of deaths reached a staggering figure compared to that in Chile despite the latter having a unit magnitude higher than Haiti in its earthquake the same period (Smith and Flores). Consequently, the image a government portrays to the world has the potential to improve obstruct humanitarian assistance to the country in the event of a disaster, the consequences of which would be a significant effect on the impact of the disaster on the country in question.

Under such circumstances, it would be the responsibility of non-governmental organizations to ensure that the people therein receive as much care as they should depending on the resources available to the organizations. Notably, they may not be as effective as the government could be, but effective coordination could see the various NGOs save the lives of a large number of members of the public from the said disaster. The ultimate effect of the intervention under such circumstances depends on the faith on the organization by the international society. So, the organizations play a significant role in politically unstable environments as the international community tends to have more faith in such institutions than it does on the government, which implies that there would be greater relief funding to these groups than there would be directly available to the authorities within the community therein.


Smith, Alastair, and Alejandro Quiroz Flores. Why Disasters Rock Democracies Less. Disaster Politics.

Post Two:

Disaster is a natural phenomenon that we humans cannot control. Even governments of developed countries cannot prevent natural disasters. Disasters are the most dangerous calamity. Natural disasters that occur in the short term, leading to material damage and human injury or even death. In the event of natural disasters, governments play a huge role, and at these stages it is necessary to determine how the situation will be affected in the event of a natural disaster. A government through political influence may influence the effectiveness of disaster risk factors or may hamper the effective functioning of disasters.

In addition, the Haitian government was uncertain until the earthquake. We cannot say that the earthquake was the reason that the political struggle in Haiti will now be more than that, but one can say that it aggravates the situation even more. After the earthquake, the government did nothing. The lack of prior planning and the risk of an accident sent us to Haiti and were shocked. The government of Haiti is always occupied even before the earthquake in the first months of 2010.

Relief works can be distinguished into several categories: search and save; treatment and survival; transportation and rehabilitation; early recovery of victims; and long-term rehabilitation. As with any natural disaster, it may take days to help the victims. Lack of transport infrastructure, lack of access to all, can lead to a limitation of any step in the disaster recovery program. Although effective time management is important for saving lives. With regard to priorities, we must focus on help and assistance, meeting the urgent needs for food, clean water and water treatment, medical care, emergency care and the provision of services. Therefore, the Government of Haiti should cooperate with natural disasters NGOs for the development of support services.

Smith, A. & Flores, Q. A. (2010). Disaster Politics: Why Natural Disasters Rock Democracies Less

Politics in Haiti. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Post Three:

What are some of the biggest challenges in developing and implementing a preparedness exercise in a hospital setting?

Some of the prime challenges that may be faced when developing and instigating a preparedness exercise in a hospital setting include time constraints. The hospital faces issues when it comes to the start and end times of employing and developing a preparedness exercise. This is because there is insufficient time in terms of the exercises that may require coordination and communication, identifying areas for improvement for individuals as well as the organization to make hospital disaster preparedness effective. Another great challenge that the hospital setting may experience during the implementation and development of preparedness exercises is lack of resources. Resources in terms of the staff to be involved in the implementation and development process may be limited in the hospital. On the other hand, there may be inadequate funds to finance the process which is critical to the success of developing a preparedness exercise (Kaji, Langford and Lewis, 2008). Another challenge may be technical issues which are essential in implementing a preparedness exercise since they speed up the process and enhance its efficiency.

What differences/similarities exist between the hospital and municipal preparedness exercises?

Some of the similarities that exist between the hospital and municipal preparedness exercise include working with small exercise budgets which is a challenge that is similar in both areas. There is also similarity based on potential conflicts that may arise in the process; hence personnel will be required to attend to them. Another similar attribute is that both areas strive to motivate learners by instilling the purpose and importance of the exercise. Also, the exercise steps to be followed will be the same for municipal and hospital setting since they are trying to achieve a similar goal for the required exercise design. Additionally, when teaching adults in the exercise process, both settings will use various learning styles and intelligence levels to accomplish this goal (Reilly and Markenson, 2010). Although they have several similarities including exercising communication, coordination and testing plans and procedures, they do have a difference. The difference will be based on the type of plans and procedure being tested. For instance, the hospital will have surge, clinical and decontamination plans which are distinct from the municipal setting.


Kaji, A, Langford, V, Lewis, R (2008) Assessing Hospital Disaster Preparedness: A Comparison of an On-Site Survey, Directly Observed Drill Performance, and Video Analysis of Teamwork, Annals of Emergency Medicine V52, No3, 195-201

Reilly, M., &Markenson, D. S. (2010). Health Care Emergency Management: Principles and Practice

Post Four:

Just like other organizations hospitals are increasingly being exposed to human and natural disasters. It is, therefore, necessary they consider how to prepare to respond to such challenges. Development and implementation of preparedness exercises are one of the ways to prepare for disasters. However, it is not easy to do so in a hospital setting. First, there is no standard method of evaluation that can be used to assess hospital preparedness for disasters (Kaji et al., 2008) In this case, it is hard to determine whether the drill developed and being implemented is the right one for the hospital. Hospital operates in disjointed environments. There is a need for a more integrated approach that will measure hospital disaster preparedness of all hospital aspects such as communication, employee behavior and management of its suppliers. Hospitals are also hard pressed with resources since their budgets are thin. Not so many hospitals allocate money for disaster management let alone preparation exercises.

Hospital and municipal preparedness exercises are similar in that they aim at enhancing the institutional capacity to deal with disaster events. In addition, they also require determination of the organizational needs then plan exercises around them and roll out a proper implementation plan. They also need to carry out periodic evaluations to determine the success of the preparedness exercises. However, the municipal and hospital preparedness exercises differ in scope. The municipal exercise is larger in scope because it involves a larger area that is likely to be affected by diverse disasters. Therefore, municipal exercise is more elaborate compared to a hospital preparedness exercise (Kaji et al., 2008).


Kaji, A, Langford, V, Lewis,R (2008) Assessing Hospital Disaster Preparedness: A Comparison of an On-Site Survey, Directly Observed Drill Performance, and Video Analysis of Teamwork, Annals of Emergency Medicine V52, No3, 195-201

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